dask.dataframe.multi.merge

dask.dataframe.multi.merge(left: DataFrame | Series, right: DataFrame | Series, how: str = 'inner', on: IndexLabel | None = None, left_on: IndexLabel | None = None, right_on: IndexLabel | None = None, left_index: bool = False, right_index: bool = False, sort: bool = False, suffixes: Suffixes = ('_x', '_y'), copy: bool = True, indicator: bool = False, validate: str | None = None) DataFrame[source]

Merge DataFrame or named Series objects with a database-style join.

A named Series object is treated as a DataFrame with a single named column.

The join is done on columns or indexes. If joining columns on columns, the DataFrame indexes will be ignored. Otherwise if joining indexes on indexes or indexes on a column or columns, the index will be passed on. When performing a cross merge, no column specifications to merge on are allowed.

Parameters
leftDataFrame
rightDataFrame or named Series

Object to merge with.

how{‘left’, ‘right’, ‘outer’, ‘inner’, ‘cross’}, default ‘inner’

Type of merge to be performed.

  • left: use only keys from left frame, similar to a SQL left outer join; preserve key order.

  • right: use only keys from right frame, similar to a SQL right outer join; preserve key order.

  • outer: use union of keys from both frames, similar to a SQL full outer join; sort keys lexicographically.

  • inner: use intersection of keys from both frames, similar to a SQL inner join; preserve the order of the left keys.

  • cross: creates the cartesian product from both frames, preserves the order of the left keys.

    New in version 1.2.0.

onlabel or list

Column or index level names to join on. These must be found in both DataFrames. If on is None and not merging on indexes then this defaults to the intersection of the columns in both DataFrames.

left_onlabel or list, or array-like

Column or index level names to join on in the left DataFrame. Can also be an array or list of arrays of the length of the left DataFrame. These arrays are treated as if they are columns.

right_onlabel or list, or array-like

Column or index level names to join on in the right DataFrame. Can also be an array or list of arrays of the length of the right DataFrame. These arrays are treated as if they are columns.

left_indexbool, default False

Use the index from the left DataFrame as the join key(s). If it is a MultiIndex, the number of keys in the other DataFrame (either the index or a number of columns) must match the number of levels.

right_indexbool, default False

Use the index from the right DataFrame as the join key. Same caveats as left_index.

sortbool, default False

Sort the join keys lexicographically in the result DataFrame. If False, the order of the join keys depends on the join type (how keyword).

suffixeslist-like, default is (“_x”, “_y”)

A length-2 sequence where each element is optionally a string indicating the suffix to add to overlapping column names in left and right respectively. Pass a value of None instead of a string to indicate that the column name from left or right should be left as-is, with no suffix. At least one of the values must not be None.

copybool, default True

If False, avoid copy if possible.

indicatorbool or str, default False

If True, adds a column to the output DataFrame called “_merge” with information on the source of each row. The column can be given a different name by providing a string argument. The column will have a Categorical type with the value of “left_only” for observations whose merge key only appears in the left DataFrame, “right_only” for observations whose merge key only appears in the right DataFrame, and “both” if the observation’s merge key is found in both DataFrames.

validatestr, optional

If specified, checks if merge is of specified type.

  • “one_to_one” or “1:1”: check if merge keys are unique in both left and right datasets.

  • “one_to_many” or “1:m”: check if merge keys are unique in left dataset.

  • “many_to_one” or “m:1”: check if merge keys are unique in right dataset.

  • “many_to_many” or “m:m”: allowed, but does not result in checks.

Returns
DataFrame

A DataFrame of the two merged objects.

See also

merge_ordered

Merge with optional filling/interpolation.

merge_asof

Merge on nearest keys.

DataFrame.join

Similar method using indices.

Notes

Support for specifying index levels as the on, left_on, and right_on parameters was added in version 0.23.0 Support for merging named Series objects was added in version 0.24.0

Examples

>>> df1 = pd.DataFrame({'lkey': ['foo', 'bar', 'baz', 'foo'],
...                     'value': [1, 2, 3, 5]})
>>> df2 = pd.DataFrame({'rkey': ['foo', 'bar', 'baz', 'foo'],
...                     'value': [5, 6, 7, 8]})
>>> df1
    lkey value
0   foo      1
1   bar      2
2   baz      3
3   foo      5
>>> df2
    rkey value
0   foo      5
1   bar      6
2   baz      7
3   foo      8

Merge df1 and df2 on the lkey and rkey columns. The value columns have the default suffixes, _x and _y, appended.

>>> df1.merge(df2, left_on='lkey', right_on='rkey')
  lkey  value_x rkey  value_y
0  foo        1  foo        5
1  foo        1  foo        8
2  foo        5  foo        5
3  foo        5  foo        8
4  bar        2  bar        6
5  baz        3  baz        7

Merge DataFrames df1 and df2 with specified left and right suffixes appended to any overlapping columns.

>>> df1.merge(df2, left_on='lkey', right_on='rkey',
...           suffixes=('_left', '_right'))
  lkey  value_left rkey  value_right
0  foo           1  foo            5
1  foo           1  foo            8
2  foo           5  foo            5
3  foo           5  foo            8
4  bar           2  bar            6
5  baz           3  baz            7

Merge DataFrames df1 and df2, but raise an exception if the DataFrames have any overlapping columns.

>>> df1.merge(df2, left_on='lkey', right_on='rkey', suffixes=(False, False))
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ValueError: columns overlap but no suffix specified:
    Index(['value'], dtype='object')
>>> df1 = pd.DataFrame({'a': ['foo', 'bar'], 'b': [1, 2]})
>>> df2 = pd.DataFrame({'a': ['foo', 'baz'], 'c': [3, 4]})
>>> df1
      a  b
0   foo  1
1   bar  2
>>> df2
      a  c
0   foo  3
1   baz  4
>>> df1.merge(df2, how='inner', on='a')
      a  b  c
0   foo  1  3
>>> df1.merge(df2, how='left', on='a')
      a  b  c
0   foo  1  3.0
1   bar  2  NaN
>>> df1 = pd.DataFrame({'left': ['foo', 'bar']})
>>> df2 = pd.DataFrame({'right': [7, 8]})
>>> df1
    left
0   foo
1   bar
>>> df2
    right
0   7
1   8
>>> df1.merge(df2, how='cross')
   left  right
0   foo      7
1   foo      8
2   bar      7
3   bar      8