dask.array.fft.rfft
dask.array.fft.rfft¶
- dask.array.fft.rfft(a, n=None, axis=None, norm=None)¶
Wrapping of numpy.fft.rfft
The axis along which the FFT is applied must have only one chunk. To change the array’s chunking use dask.Array.rechunk.
The numpy.fft.rfft docstring follows below:
Compute the one-dimensional discrete Fourier Transform for real input.
This function computes the one-dimensional n-point discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) of a real-valued array by means of an efficient algorithm called the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT).
- Parameters
- aarray_like
Input array
- nint, optional
Number of points along transformation axis in the input to use. If n is smaller than the length of the input, the input is cropped. If it is larger, the input is padded with zeros. If n is not given, the length of the input along the axis specified by axis is used.
- axisint, optional
Axis over which to compute the FFT. If not given, the last axis is used.
- norm{“backward”, “ortho”, “forward”}, optional
New in version 1.10.0.
Normalization mode (see numpy.fft). Default is “backward”. Indicates which direction of the forward/backward pair of transforms is scaled and with what normalization factor.
New in version 1.20.0: The “backward”, “forward” values were added.
- outcomplex ndarray, optional
If provided, the result will be placed in this array. It should be of the appropriate shape and dtype.
New in version 2.0.0.
- Returns
- outcomplex ndarray
The truncated or zero-padded input, transformed along the axis indicated by axis, or the last one if axis is not specified. If n is even, the length of the transformed axis is
(n/2)+1
. If n is odd, the length is(n+1)/2
.
- Raises
- IndexError
If axis is not a valid axis of a.
See also
Notes
When the DFT is computed for purely real input, the output is Hermitian-symmetric, i.e. the negative frequency terms are just the complex conjugates of the corresponding positive-frequency terms, and the negative-frequency terms are therefore redundant. This function does not compute the negative frequency terms, and the length of the transformed axis of the output is therefore
n//2 + 1
.When
A = rfft(a)
and fs is the sampling frequency,A[0]
contains the zero-frequency term 0*fs, which is real due to Hermitian symmetry.If n is even,
A[-1]
contains the term representing both positive and negative Nyquist frequency (+fs/2 and -fs/2), and must also be purely real. If n is odd, there is no term at fs/2;A[-1]
contains the largest positive frequency (fs/2*(n-1)/n), and is complex in the general case.If the input a contains an imaginary part, it is silently discarded.
Examples
>>> import numpy as np >>> np.fft.fft([0, 1, 0, 0]) array([ 1.+0.j, 0.-1.j, -1.+0.j, 0.+1.j]) # may vary >>> np.fft.rfft([0, 1, 0, 0]) array([ 1.+0.j, 0.-1.j, -1.+0.j]) # may vary
Notice how the final element of the fft output is the complex conjugate of the second element, for real input. For rfft, this symmetry is exploited to compute only the non-negative frequency terms.