Source code for distributed.deploy.cluster

from __future__ import annotations

import asyncio
import datetime
import logging
import uuid
import warnings
from contextlib import suppress
from inspect import isawaitable
from typing import Any

from packaging.version import parse as parse_version
from tornado.ioloop import IOLoop

import dask.config
from dask.utils import _deprecated, format_bytes, parse_timedelta, typename
from dask.widgets import get_template

from distributed.compatibility import PeriodicCallback
from distributed.core import Status
from distributed.deploy.adaptive import Adaptive
from distributed.objects import SchedulerInfo
from distributed.utils import (

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

[docs]class Cluster(SyncMethodMixin): """Superclass for cluster objects This class contains common functionality for Dask Cluster manager classes. To implement this class, you must provide 1. A ``scheduler_comm`` attribute, which is a connection to the scheduler following the ``distributed.core.rpc`` API. 2. Implement ``scale``, which takes an integer and scales the cluster to that many workers, or else set ``_supports_scaling`` to False For that, you should get the following: 1. A standard ``__repr__`` 2. A live IPython widget 3. Adaptive scaling 4. Integration with dask-labextension 5. A ``scheduler_info`` attribute which contains an up-to-date copy of ``Scheduler.identity()``, which is used for much of the above 6. Methods to gather logs """ _supports_scaling = True __loop: IOLoop | None = None def __init__( self, asynchronous=False, loop=None, quiet=False, name=None, scheduler_sync_interval=1, ): self._loop_runner = LoopRunner(loop=loop, asynchronous=asynchronous) self.scheduler_info = {"workers": {}} self.periodic_callbacks = {} self._watch_worker_status_comm = None self._watch_worker_status_task = None self._cluster_manager_logs = [] self.quiet = quiet self.scheduler_comm = None self._adaptive = None self._sync_interval = parse_timedelta( scheduler_sync_interval, default="seconds" ) self._sync_cluster_info_task = None if name is None: name = str(uuid.uuid4())[:8] self._cluster_info = { "name": name, "type": typename(type(self)), } self.status = Status.created @property def loop(self) -> IOLoop | None: loop = self.__loop if loop is None: # If the loop is not running when this is called, the LoopRunner.loop # property will raise a DeprecationWarning # However subsequent calls might occur - eg atexit, where a stopped # loop is still acceptable - so we cache access to the loop. self.__loop = loop = self._loop_runner.loop return loop @loop.setter def loop(self, value: IOLoop) -> None: warnings.warn( "setting the loop property is deprecated", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) if value is None: raise ValueError("expected an IOLoop, got None") self.__loop = value @property def name(self): return self._cluster_info["name"] @name.setter def name(self, name): self._cluster_info["name"] = name async def _start(self): comm = await self.scheduler_comm.live_comm() = "Cluster worker status" await comm.write({"op": "subscribe_worker_status"}) self.scheduler_info = SchedulerInfo(await self._watch_worker_status_comm = comm self._watch_worker_status_task = asyncio.ensure_future( self._watch_worker_status(comm) ) info = await self.scheduler_comm.get_metadata( keys=["cluster-manager-info"], default={} ) self._cluster_info.update(info) # Start a background task for syncing cluster info with the scheduler self._sync_cluster_info_task = asyncio.ensure_future(self._sync_cluster_info()) for pc in self.periodic_callbacks.values(): pc.start() self.status = Status.running async def _sync_cluster_info(self): err_count = 0 warn_at = 5 max_interval = 10 * self._sync_interval # Loop until the cluster is shutting down. We shouldn't really need # this check (the `CancelledError` should be enough), but something # deep in the comms code is silencing `CancelledError`s _some_ of the # time, resulting in a cancellation not always bubbling back up to # here. Relying on the status is fine though, not worth changing. while self.status == Status.running: try: await self.scheduler_comm.set_metadata( keys=["cluster-manager-info"], value=self._cluster_info.copy(), ) err_count = 0 except asyncio.CancelledError: # Task is being closed. When we drop Python < 3.8 we can drop # this check (since CancelledError is not a subclass of # Exception then). break except Exception: err_count += 1 # Only warn if multiple subsequent attempts fail, and only once # per set of subsequent failed attempts. This way we're not # excessively noisy during a connection blip, but we also don't # silently fail. if err_count == warn_at: logger.warning( "Failed to sync cluster info multiple times - perhaps " "there's a connection issue? Error:", exc_info=True, ) # Sleep, with error backoff interval = _exponential_backoff( err_count, self._sync_interval, 1.5, max_interval ) await asyncio.sleep(interval) async def _close(self): if self.status == Status.closed: return self.status = Status.closing with suppress(AttributeError): self._adaptive.stop() if self._watch_worker_status_comm: await self._watch_worker_status_comm.close() if self._watch_worker_status_task: await self._watch_worker_status_task if self._sync_cluster_info_task: self._sync_cluster_info_task.cancel() with suppress(asyncio.CancelledError): await self._sync_cluster_info_task if self.scheduler_comm: await self.scheduler_comm.close_rpc() for pc in self.periodic_callbacks.values(): pc.stop() self.status = Status.closed def close(self, timeout=None): # If the cluster is already closed, we're already done if self.status == Status.closed: if self.asynchronous: return NoOpAwaitable() else: return with suppress(RuntimeError): # loop closed during process shutdown return self.sync(self._close, callback_timeout=timeout) def __del__(self, _warn=warnings.warn): if getattr(self, "status", Status.closed) != Status.closed: try: self_r = repr(self) except Exception: self_r = f"with a broken __repr__ {object.__repr__(self)}" _warn(f"unclosed cluster {self_r}", ResourceWarning, source=self) async def _watch_worker_status(self, comm): """Listen to scheduler for updates on adding and removing workers""" while True: try: msgs = await except OSError: break with log_errors(): for op, msg in msgs: self._update_worker_status(op, msg) await comm.close() def _update_worker_status(self, op, msg): if op == "add": workers = msg.pop("workers") self.scheduler_info["workers"].update(workers) self.scheduler_info.update(msg) elif op == "remove": del self.scheduler_info["workers"][msg] else: # pragma: no cover raise ValueError("Invalid op", op, msg) def adapt(self, Adaptive: type[Adaptive] = Adaptive, **kwargs: Any) -> Adaptive: """Turn on adaptivity For keyword arguments see dask.distributed.Adaptive Examples -------- >>> cluster.adapt(minimum=0, maximum=10, interval='500ms') """ with suppress(AttributeError): self._adaptive.stop() if not hasattr(self, "_adaptive_options"): self._adaptive_options = {} self._adaptive_options.update(kwargs) self._adaptive = Adaptive(self, **self._adaptive_options) return self._adaptive def scale(self, n: int) -> None: """Scale cluster to n workers Parameters ---------- n : int Target number of workers Examples -------- >>> cluster.scale(10) # scale cluster to ten workers """ raise NotImplementedError() def _log(self, log): """Log a message. Output a message to the user and also store for future retrieval. For use in subclasses where initialisation may take a while and it would be beneficial to feed back to the user. Examples -------- >>> self._log("Submitted job X to batch scheduler") """ self._cluster_manager_logs.append((, log)) if not self.quiet: print(log) async def _get_logs(self, cluster=True, scheduler=True, workers=True): logs = Logs() if cluster: logs["Cluster"] = Log( "\n".join(line[1] for line in self._cluster_manager_logs) ) if scheduler: L = await self.scheduler_comm.get_logs() logs["Scheduler"] = Log("\n".join(line for level, line in L)) if workers: if workers is True: workers = None d = await self.scheduler_comm.worker_logs(workers=workers) for k, v in d.items(): logs[k] = Log("\n".join(line for level, line in v)) return logs def get_logs(self, cluster=True, scheduler=True, workers=True): """Return logs for the cluster, scheduler and workers Parameters ---------- cluster : boolean Whether or not to collect logs for the cluster manager scheduler : boolean Whether or not to collect logs for the scheduler workers : boolean or Iterable[str], optional A list of worker addresses to select. Defaults to all workers if `True` or no workers if `False` Returns ------- logs: Dict[str] A dictionary of logs, with one item for the scheduler and one for each worker """ return self.sync( self._get_logs, cluster=cluster, scheduler=scheduler, workers=workers ) @_deprecated(use_instead="get_logs") def logs(self, *args, **kwargs): return self.get_logs(*args, **kwargs) def get_client(self): """Return client for the cluster If a client has already been initialized for the cluster, return that otherwise initialize a new client object. """ from distributed.client import Client try: current_client = Client.current() if current_client and current_client.cluster == self: return current_client except ValueError: pass return Client(self) @property def dashboard_link(self): try: port = self.scheduler_info["services"]["dashboard"] except KeyError: return "" else: host = self.scheduler_address.split("://")[1].split("/")[0].split(":")[0] return format_dashboard_link(host, port) def _scaling_status(self): if self._adaptive and self._adaptive.periodic_callback: mode = "Adaptive" else: mode = "Manual" workers = len(self.scheduler_info["workers"]) if hasattr(self, "worker_spec"): requested = sum( 1 if "group" not in each else len(each["group"]) for each in self.worker_spec.values() ) elif hasattr(self, "workers"): requested = len(self.workers) else: requested = workers worker_count = workers if workers == requested else f"{workers} / {requested}" return f""" <table> <tr><td style="text-align: left;">Scaling mode: {mode}</td></tr> <tr><td style="text-align: left;">Workers: {worker_count}</td></tr> </table> """ def _widget(self): """Create IPython widget for display within a notebook""" try: return self._cached_widget except AttributeError: pass try: from ipywidgets import ( HTML, Accordion, Button, HBox, IntText, Layout, Tab, VBox, ) except ImportError: self._cached_widget = None return None layout = Layout(width="150px") status = HTML(self._repr_html_()) if self._supports_scaling: request = IntText(0, description="Workers", layout=layout) scale = Button(description="Scale", layout=layout) minimum = IntText(0, description="Minimum", layout=layout) maximum = IntText(0, description="Maximum", layout=layout) adapt = Button(description="Adapt", layout=layout) accordion = Accordion( [HBox([request, scale]), HBox([minimum, maximum, adapt])], layout=Layout(min_width="500px"), ) accordion.selected_index = None accordion.set_title(0, "Manual Scaling") accordion.set_title(1, "Adaptive Scaling") def adapt_cb(b): self.adapt(minimum=minimum.value, maximum=maximum.value) update() adapt.on_click(adapt_cb) @log_errors def scale_cb(b): n = request.value with suppress(AttributeError): self._adaptive.stop() self.scale(n) update() scale.on_click(scale_cb) else: # pragma: no cover accordion = HTML("") scale_status = HTML(self._scaling_status()) tab = Tab() tab.children = [status, VBox([scale_status, accordion])] tab.set_title(0, "Status") tab.set_title(1, "Scaling") self._cached_widget = tab def update(): status.value = self._repr_html_() scale_status.value = self._scaling_status() cluster_repr_interval = parse_timedelta( dask.config.get("distributed.deploy.cluster-repr-interval", default="ms") ) def install(): pc = PeriodicCallback(update, cluster_repr_interval * 1000) self.periodic_callbacks["cluster-repr"] = pc pc.start() self.loop.add_callback(install) return tab def _repr_html_(self, cluster_status=None): try: scheduler_info_repr = self.scheduler_info._repr_html_() except AttributeError: scheduler_info_repr = "Scheduler not started yet." return get_template("cluster.html.j2").render( type=type(self).__name__,, workers=self.scheduler_info["workers"], dashboard_link=self.dashboard_link, scheduler_info_repr=scheduler_info_repr, cluster_status=cluster_status, ) def _ipython_display_(self, **kwargs): """Display the cluster rich IPython repr""" # Note: it would be simpler to just implement _repr_mimebundle_, # but we cannot do that until we drop ipywidgets 7 support, as # it does not provide a public way to get the mimebundle for a # widget. So instead we fall back on the more customizable _ipython_display_ # and display as a side-effect. from IPython.display import display widget = self._widget() if widget: import ipywidgets if parse_version(ipywidgets.__version__) >= parse_version("8.0.0"): mimebundle = widget._repr_mimebundle_(**kwargs) or {} mimebundle["text/plain"] = repr(self) mimebundle["text/html"] = self._repr_html_() display(mimebundle, raw=True) else: display(widget, **kwargs) else: mimebundle = {"text/plain": repr(self), "text/html": self._repr_html_()} display(mimebundle, raw=True) def __enter__(self): return self.sync(self.__aenter__) def __exit__(self, exc_type, exc_value, traceback): return self.sync(self.__aexit__, exc_type, exc_value, traceback) def __await__(self): return self yield async def __aenter__(self): await self return self async def __aexit__(self, exc_type, exc_value, traceback): f = self.close() if isawaitable(f): await f @property def scheduler_address(self) -> str: if not self.scheduler_comm: return "<Not Connected>" return self.scheduler_comm.address @property def _cluster_class_name(self): return getattr(self, "_name", type(self).__name__) def __repr__(self): text = "%s(%s, %r, workers=%d, threads=%d" % ( self._cluster_class_name,, self.scheduler_address, len(self.scheduler_info["workers"]), sum(w["nthreads"] for w in self.scheduler_info["workers"].values()), ) memory = [w["memory_limit"] for w in self.scheduler_info["workers"].values()] if all(memory): text += ", memory=" + format_bytes(sum(memory)) text += ")" return text @property def plan(self): return set(self.workers) @property def requested(self): return set(self.workers) @property def observed(self): return {d["name"] for d in self.scheduler_info["workers"].values()} def __eq__(self, other): return type(other) == type(self) and == def __hash__(self): return id(self)
def _exponential_backoff( attempt: int, multiplier: float, exponential_base: float, max_interval: float ) -> float: """Calculate the duration of an exponential backoff""" try: interval = multiplier * exponential_base**attempt except OverflowError: return max_interval return min(max_interval, interval)