DataFrame.apply(func, axis=0, broadcast=None, raw=False, reduce=None, args=(), meta=_NoDefault.no_default, result_type=None, **kwds)[source]

Parallel version of pandas.DataFrame.apply

This mimics the pandas version except for the following:

  1. Only axis=1 is supported (and must be specified explicitly).

  2. The user should provide output metadata via the meta keyword.


Function to apply to each column/row

axis{0 or ‘index’, 1 or ‘columns’}, default 0
  • 0 or ‘index’: apply function to each column (NOT SUPPORTED)

  • 1 or ‘columns’: apply function to each row

metapd.DataFrame, pd.Series, dict, iterable, tuple, optional

An empty pd.DataFrame or pd.Series that matches the dtypes and column names of the output. This metadata is necessary for many algorithms in dask dataframe to work. For ease of use, some alternative inputs are also available. Instead of a DataFrame, a dict of {name: dtype} or iterable of (name, dtype) can be provided (note that the order of the names should match the order of the columns). Instead of a series, a tuple of (name, dtype) can be used. If not provided, dask will try to infer the metadata. This may lead to unexpected results, so providing meta is recommended. For more information, see dask.dataframe.utils.make_meta.


Positional arguments to pass to function in addition to the array/series

Additional keyword arguments will be passed as keywords to the function
appliedSeries or DataFrame

See also



>>> import pandas as pd
>>> import dask.dataframe as dd
>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'x': [1, 2, 3, 4, 5],
...                    'y': [1., 2., 3., 4., 5.]})
>>> ddf = dd.from_pandas(df, npartitions=2)

Apply a function to row-wise passing in extra arguments in args and kwargs:

>>> def myadd(row, a, b=1):
...     return row.sum() + a + b
>>> res = ddf.apply(myadd, axis=1, args=(2,), b=1.5)  

By default, dask tries to infer the output metadata by running your provided function on some fake data. This works well in many cases, but can sometimes be expensive, or even fail. To avoid this, you can manually specify the output metadata with the meta keyword. This can be specified in many forms, for more information see dask.dataframe.utils.make_meta.

Here we specify the output is a Series with name 'x', and dtype float64:

>>> res = ddf.apply(myadd, axis=1, args=(2,), b=1.5, meta=('x', 'f8'))

In the case where the metadata doesn’t change, you can also pass in the object itself directly:

>>> res = ddf.apply(lambda row: row + 1, axis=1, meta=ddf)